Objective C vs. Swift

objective C vs Swfit

One of the most common challenges among app developers is to choose between Objective C and Swift programming languages. Both Objective C and Swift are native programming languages for iOS applications. Mobile applications that work with iOS programming languages can be accessible on Apple App Store. A dilemma arises as to which language is the best for developing applications. This article will introduce you to the benefits and different aspects of both programming languages so that you can better understand what works best for you.

Objective C

The programming language is the first-ever for Apple mobile applications, first introduced in 1984. Objective C is the revolutionized version of the previous C and Smalltalk programming languages. It is one of the main programming languages to design iOS and OS X apps. Objective C is a C-based programming language, which means that any C-based code will run on it. Suppose you do not have any experience with Objective C programming language, but you have previously worked with other C-based programs such as C# or Java. In that case, it will not be challenging to learn this programming language as well. One of the main requirements before diving into Objective C is to get started with Xcode IDE.

Objective C is an object-oriented programming language. You will get familiar with some of the objects and classes with the Cocoa or Cocoa touch framework. It is the language for iOS development for more than a decade, which means that nearly everything in the iOS software development kit has been developed in this programming language. In order to have full access to the tools for iOS development, you will have to learn the peculiarities of the language. In general, if you are planning to dive into iOS development, you may need to learn how to read and code in the Objective C programming language.


Swift programming language is developed for Apple applications and was first introduced in 2014. The programming language operates for macOS, iOS, watchOS, tvOS operating systems. Despite its very brief history, Swift managed to gain the trust and preference of program developers. Swift was created on Objective-C’s experiences with the intent to evolve and create something more significant. At its very essence, Swift has many similarities with the Objective C programming language. Developers who know how to work with it will have no trouble working with Swift. 

It is much easier to read and code with Swift programming language, making it even more preferable for beginners. One of the Swift programming language’s main advantages is that it is very quick to catch any errors. Being in control and addressing code errors like null references make the coding process more manageable. Another significant advantage is the speed which makes the language developer-friendly. Swift has excellent memory management as it employs Automatic Reference Counting. Swift programing language is an open-sourcing system that will provide you with the opportunity to find all of the necessary toolkits for more complex development by third-party companies.

Why compare the two programming languages?

One of the main reasons people compare the two programming languages is that they are both native applications for iOS operating systems. Program developers and clients compare the two to understand better what fits their needs best. If you successfully worked with Objective C before, there is no reason why you should urgently shift to another programing language. But if you are just about to start your journey of learning a programming language, you may begin with the brand new option. Your customers may also require you to write in a specific language, in which case you may have to learn something new. You do not have to worry about learning a new programming language. You may have some obstacles, but you will be more than fine if you have experience with other programming languages. 

What are the main differences?

So what are the essential differences between Objective C and Swift programming languages?

Objective C is a popular, established, stable programming language. Most app developers use and test it over time. It is predominantly developed in an Xcode development environment. Swift is a new programming language but has great potential and is widely preferred by developers. Compared to Objective C, it can work not only in Xcode but also Swift Playground, Cocoa Touch, etc.

Swift is much more dynamic and fast than Objective C, which can be crucial for meeting project deadlines. The speed of coding in Swift also makes it cost-effective and enhances the user experience. 

Objective C is a good option if you apply CoreFoundation, AvFoundation, CoreAnimation Application Programming Interfaces (API). Objective C is generally much more advantageous when working with C APIs and functionalities. 

Compared to Swift, Objective C is much more stable, but don’t forget to consider that Swift is already recognized by Apple and is increasingly growing. So the picture might change over time. 


It is much easier to learn the Swift programming language due to its simple syntax in terms of the learning experience. The development process in Swift will require less coding and will cause fewer errors. 

The internet is flooded with tutorials, articles, blogs, and guidelines on using the Swift programming language. There is an entire community that will support you through the learning experiences of the Swift programming language. 

Objective C, unlike Swift programming language, is not an open-sourcing programming language. Due to the public openness of Swift, you will be able to get familiar with the smallest details of how the programming language operates at no cost. The insights show that the new generation prefers Swift programming language over Objective C, which means that it will probably have a much bigger community and support system than Objective C in the near future. 

Still, it’s up to you which language to choose. Analyze the differences and benefits of each programming language before you make a final decision. We hope that the programming language you choose will serve your best interests and will fulfill your expectations.